Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


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First published: May 9, 2020 - Last updated: June 1, 2023


Speaker: Huei-yao Yao

Title: The Never Ended Violence

Subtitle: Taiwanese "Comfort Women" and "Military Paradise" Issues (1950s-1990s)

Conference: Annual Conference of the Association for Asian Studies (March 19-22, 2020) (Cancelled due to Coronavirus Pandemic) - Online Program

Session: 261. Transnational Perspectives on War and Memory: Spotlight on Japanese Military Sexual Violence

Place: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Date: March 21, 2020

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Asian History: Chinese History | Japanese History, Types: Forced Prostitution / Korean "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Asia-Pacific War; Victims: Reactions / Narratives


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Abstract: »Following the defeat by the Communist Party of China in 1949, the Kuomintang (KMT) transferred troops from mainland China to Taiwan and imposed martial law. In order to prevent soldiers from raping civilian women and contracting sexually transmitted diseases, the KMT established a military brothel system known as "military paradise" that run from the 1950s to the 1990s. The existence of "military paradise" reveals that the KMT shared similar ideologies with the Japanese Imperial Army, which was responsible for setting up the "comfort women" system during the World War II. I argue that despite the change in political powers and atmosphere from the colonial period to the Cold War period, there existed a continuity in ideologies about militant manhood and sexuality as well as women's sexuality and rights in Taiwan. While the issue of "comfort women" began to gain public attention from the 1991 onwards, due to the fierce political struggle between pro-independence and pro-reunification Taiwanese, the issue of military brothel has always been used to serve different political agendas. In this paper, I argue that despite the transition from the WWII to the Cold War, there was an ideological and cultural continuity between the "comfort women" and the "military paradise" systems. I reveal how the entanglement of militarism and nationalism continue to victimize and silence Taiwanese women both during and after the Cold War.« (Source: Association for Asian Studies) (Source: Association for Asian Studies)

Note: Yao, Huei-yao. »The Never Ended Violence: Taiwanese "Comfort Women" and "Military Paradise" Issues (1950s-1990s).« Annual Conference of the Association for Asian Studies. Virtual 2021. - Bibliographic Entry: Info

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of China / History of the Republic of China | History of Asia: History of Japan / Shōwa | History of Asia: History of Taiwan / History of Taiwan (1945-present) | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence / Wartime sexual violence in World War II | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes