Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


+ Contact Form


+ Search Form


+ Aims & Scope

+ Structure

+ History


+ Updates

+ Calls for Papers

+ New Lectures

+ New Publications

Alphabetical Index

+ Author Index

+ Speaker Index

Chronological Index

+ Ancient History

+ Medieval History

+ Modern History

Geographical Index

+ African History

+ American History

+ Asian History

+ European History

+ Oceanian History

Topical Index

+ Prosecution

+ Cases

+ Types

+ Offenders

+ Victims

+ Society

+ Research

+ Representations


+ Institutions

+ Literature Search

+ Research

Start: Alphabetical Index: Speaker Index: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

First published: March 1, 2024 - Last updated: March 1, 2024


Speaker: David M. Whitford

Title: Bathsheba in Pigtails

Subtitle: Married Reformers on Sexual Violence

Conference: 70th Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America (March 21-23, 2004) - Online Program

Session: Gendered Controversies: Who's to Blame and Credit? (Chair: Emily Nacol)

Place: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Date: March 21, 2024

Language: English

Keywords: Ancient History: Israelite History; Modern History: 16th Century | European History: German History | Cases: Biblical Offenders / David; Cases: Biblical Offenders / Bathsheba; Types: Rape; Representations: Religious Texts / Martin Luther


Link: -


Speaker: David M. Whitford, Department of History, Baylor University -

Abstract: »In 2023, controversy erupted on Twitter over whether or not Bathsheba was raped by David. Thousands of tweets shot back and forth over the topic. Memes were even generated from it. In a large number of tweets, the Reformers, most especially Martin Luther and John Calvin, were brought in to either attack or defend David, attack or blame Bathsheba.
This paper does not seek to examine the tweets, but the Twitterstorm does demonstrate that the status and role of women in the Bible and in contemporary society remains very much a live topic.
Using a line from Luther in which he noted that Bathsheba's pigtails likely enticed David as a starting point, this paper seeks to examine whether or not marriage and the raising of children changed how Luther and other early reformers saw the victims of sexual violence. Did they blame Bathsheba or David? Did husbands view Bathsheba differently than previous celibate exegetes? What about Dinah, a young unmarried woman? Did fathers look on her attack with different eyes?« (Source: Online Program)

Wikipedia: Ancient history: History of ancient Israel and Judah | History of Europe: History of Germany / Early Modern history of Germany | Bible: Hebrew Bible / David, Bathsheba | Christianity: Reformation / Martin Luther | Sex and the law: Rape / Rape in the Hebrew Bible