Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


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First published: April 1, 2024 - Last updated: April 1, 2024


Author: Caitlin Reed Wiesner

Title: The War on Crime and the War on Rape

Subtitle: The LEAA and Philadelphia WOAR, 1974–1984

Journal: Modern American History

Volume: (Published online before print)


Year: 2024 (Published online: February 28, 2024)

Pages: 22 pages (PDF)

ISSN: 2515-0456 - Find a Library: WorldCat | eISSN: 2397-1851 - Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | American History: U.S. History | Types: Rape Society: Movements / Anti-Rape Movement, Women's Movement; Society: Organizations / Women Organized Against Rape


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Author: Caitlin Reed Wiesner, Department of Humanities, Mercy University - Author's Personal Website

Abstract: »This article uses Philadelphia Women Organized Against Rape (WOAR) as a case study to examine the intertwining of the feminist movement against sexual violence and state crime control agencies during the 1970s “war on crime.” Law Enforcement Assistant Administration (LEAA) officials expected the anti-rape organizers they subsidized to promote police reporting to the victims they served. This sharply contracted the terrain of feminist anti-rape activism, particularly for women of color who declined police reporting. Lynn Moncrief, a self-described “Black radical feminist” hired by Philadelphia WOAR using LEAA funds, rejected the mandate to increase police reporting rates. Instead, she devoted her energies to remaking WOAR’s praxis with Black women and girls at the center. While LEAA funding tethered the anti-rape movement to the rapidly expanding carceral state of the late twentieth century, the example of Lynn Moncrief and the Third World Caucus of Philadelphia WOAR shows that cooptation was never total.« (Source: Modern American History)

  “Essential Partners in the Response to Rape”: The LEAA Funds Feminist Rape Crisis Centers (p. 5)
  The “Law-and-Order” Entanglements of Philadelphia WOAR (p. 10)
  Lynn Moncrief: A “Black Radical Feminist” Approach to Anti-Rape Advocacy (p.13)
  From Representation to Praxis: The Third World Caucus (p. 16)
  Conclusion (p. 21)

Wikipedia: History of the Americas: History of the United States / History of Philadelphia, History of the United States (1964–1980), History of the United States (1980–1991) | Feminism: Feminist movement | Sex and the law: Rape / Rape in the United States