Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


+ Contact Form


+ Search Form


+ Aims & Scope

+ Structure

+ History


+ Updates

+ Calls for Papers

+ New Lectures

+ New Publications

Alphabetical Index

+ Author Index

+ Speaker Index

Chronological Index

+ Ancient History

+ Medieval History

+ Modern History

Geographical Index

+ African History

+ American History

+ Asian History

+ European History

+ Oceanian History

Topical Index

+ Prosecution

+ Cases

+ Types

+ Offenders

+ Victims

+ Society

+ Research

+ Representations


+ Institutions

+ Literature Search

+ Research

Start: Alphabetical Index: Author Index: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Unknown

First published: April 1, 2024 - Last updated: April 1, 2024


Author: Vionna Ming Wai Tsang

Title: The deepest wounds are the immeasurable ones

Subtitle: The scars of the Amsterdam sexual abuse case

Thesis: Academisch Proefschrift (PhD thesis), Universiteit van Amsterdam (University of Amsterdam)

Advisors: R.J.L. Lindauer and A.P. Verhoef

Year: 2024

Pages: 235pp.

OCLC Number: 1424991686 - Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 21st Century | European History: Dutch History | Cases: Real Incidents / Amsterdam Sex Crimes Case; Types: Child Sexual Abuse


Link: UvA-DARE: Academic Repository of the University of Amsterdam (Complete thesis embargoed until March 6, 2026)


Abstract: »The Amsterdam Sexual Abuse Case came to light at the end of 2010, in which a male daycare worker sexually abused dozens of children at a preverbal age. Additionally, he created pornographic imagery of the abuse and disseminated it widely. This situation was unprecedented due to the magnitude of the case, the extremely young age of the children, his role as a daycare employee, the high burden of proof, the detailed information on the sexual abuse, and the existence of pornographic material. It raised questions from parents, professionals involved, society, and also from the scientific community. Despite the growing research in the area of child sexual abuse and its adverse outcomes, little is known about the consequences for young children who were subjected to sexual abuse.
The ASAC-study is set up to investigate the signs, symptoms, and short- and long-term consequences in children who had been subject to extrafamilial abuse at a preverbal age and the consequences for their non-offending parents. In this dissertation, we sought to determine the developmental trends of PTSD symptoms, dissociation, and internalizing and externalizing behavior in children, as well as PTSD symptoms in parents, until eight years after CSA. Secondly, we studied worrisome sexual behavior and attachment insecurity patterns in the long term. Finally, we conducted a qualitative study in which we examined the process and experiences of parental disclosure to their child in the aftermath of preverbal CSA.« (Source: UvA-DARE)

  List of abbreviations
  Chapter 1 General introduction (p. 9)
    Definition CSA (p. 12)
    Magnitude of CSA (p. 13)
    Negative sequelae of CSA (p. 14)
      Outcomes for very young children (p. 15)
    Psychological outcomes in this dissertation (p. 16)
      PTSD and dissociation (p. 16)
      Internalizing and externalizing problem behavior (p. 17)
      Worrisome sexual behavior (p. 17)
      Parent-child attachment relationship (p. 17)
      Outcomes for parents (p. 18)
    Methodological difficulties previous studies (p. 19)
    Preverbal children (p. 20)
    CSA disclosure (p. 21)
    Professional support and care (p. 22)
    ASAC (p. 22)
    Aims of the dissertation (p. 23)
    References (p. 26)
  Chapter 2 The Amsterdam Sexual Abuse Case: What scars did it leave? Long-term course of psychological problems for children who have been sexually abused at a very young age, and their parents (p. 33)
    Abstract (p. 34)
    Introduction (p. 35)
    Aims and research questions (p. 38)
    Methods (p. 38)
      Background (p. 38)
      Participants (p. 38)
      Procedure (p. 40)
      Materials (p. 42)
      Psychological support (p. 43)
      Ethical considerations (p. 43)
      Data analysis (p. 44)
    Results (p. 44)
      Descriptive statistics (p. 44)
      Longitudinal analyses: the development over time for children (p. 46)
      Longitudinal analyses: the development over time for parents (p. 49)
    Discussion (p. 50)
      Strengths and limitations (p. 52)
      Conclusion and clinical implications (p. 53)
    Acknowledgements (p. 55)
    Funding (p. 55)
    Summary (p. 56)
    Ethical approval (p. 56)
    References (p. 58)
  Chapter 3 A longitudinal study in worrisome sexual behavior following sexual abuse in infancy or early childhood: The Amsterdam Sexual Abuse Case (p. 63)
    Abstract (p. 64)
    Introduction (p. 65)
      Research question (p. 68)
      Methods (p. 68)
      Participants (p. 68)
      Procedure (p. 69)
      Measures (p. 70)
      Psychological support (p. 72)
      Ethical considerations (p. 72)
      Data analysis (p. 73)
    Results (p. 73)
      Descriptive statistics (p. 73)
      Longitudinal analyses (p. 75)
        Total sexual behavior problems (p. 75)
        Developmentally-related sexual behavior (p. 77)
        Sexual abuse-specific items (p. 77)
    Discussion (p. 79)
      Strengths and limitations (p. 80)
      Conclusion and clinical implications (p. 82)
      Future perspectives (p. 82)
    Acknowledgements (p. 83)
    Funding (p. 83)
    Compliance with ethical standards (p. 83)
    References (p. 84)
  Chapter 4 Ten years of longitudinal changes in attachment patterns in children who were sexually abused during early childhood (p. 91)
    Abstract (p. 92)
    Introduction (p. 95)
    Methods (p. 97)
      Background (p. 97)
      Participants (p. 98)
      Procedure (p. 99)
      Measures (p. 100)
        Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (p. 100)
        Global Indication List Attachment (p. 101)
      Data analysis (p. 101)
      Covariates (p. 102)
    Results (p. 102)
      Descriptive statistics (p. 102)
      Longitudinal analyses (p. 104)
    Discussion (p. 106)
      Strengths and limitations (p. 107)
      Future perspectives (p. 108)
      Conclusions (p. 109)
    References (p. 110)
  Chapter 5 Breaking the silence: Do I tell my child that he or she has been sexually abused? Longitudinal Analysis of Parental Decision-Making Regarding Disclosure of Preverbal Sexual Abuse by Parents to their Child: A Qualitative Study (p. 115)
  Chapter 6 General discussion (p. 171)
    Research aim (p. 173)
    Key findings (p. 173)
      Conceptual model (p. 174)
      Outcomes for children (p. 175)
        Asymptomatic children (p. 178)
      Outcomes for parents (p. 179)
      Parent-child dyad (p. 180)
      Psychological treatment (p. 181)
    Strenghts, limitations, clinical implications and future direction (p. 183)
      Strengths and limitations (p. 183)
      Clinical implications (p. 184)
      Future research (p. 186)
    References (p. 189)
  Chapter 7 Summary (p. 193)
  Appendices (p. 205)
    Supplementary material Chapter 2 (p. 207)
    List of co-authors (p. 211)
    Contributor’s statements (p. 213)
    Over de auteur (p. 217)
    About the author (p. 218)
    PhD portfolio & List of publications (p. 219)
    Words of gratitude (p. 227)

- Tsang, Vionna M.W., et al. »A Longitudinal Study in Worrisome Sexual Behavior Following Sexual Abuse in Infancy or Early Childhood: The Amsterdam Sexual Abuse Case.« Child Psychiatry & Human Development 52 (2021): 891 902. - Bibliographic Entry: Info

- Tsang, Vionna M.W., et al. »The Amsterdam Sexual Abuse Case: What Scars did it Leave? Long-Term Course of Psychological Problems for Children Who have been Sexually Abused at a Very Young Age, and their Parents.« Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma (March 31, 2023). - Bibliographic Entry: Info

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of the Netherlands | Sex and the law: Child sexual abuse / Amsterdam sex crimes case