Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


+ Contact Form


+ Search Form


+ Aims & Scope

+ Structure

+ History


+ Updates

+ Calls for Papers

+ New Lectures

+ New Publications

Alphabetical Index

+ Author Index

+ Speaker Index

Chronological Index

+ Ancient History

+ Medieval History

+ Modern History

Geographical Index

+ African History

+ American History

+ Asian History

+ European History

+ Oceanian History

Topical Index

+ Prosecution

+ Cases

+ Types

+ Offenders

+ Victims

+ Society

+ Research

+ Representations


+ Institutions

+ Literature Search

+ Research

Start: Alphabetical Index: Author Index: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Unknown

First published: November 1, 2023 - Last updated: November 1, 2023


Author: Ljiljana Radonić

Title: Displaying Violence in Memorial Museums

Subtitle: Reflections on the Use of Photographs

Journal: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften - Austrian Journal of Historical Studies

Volume: 34

Issue: 1

Year: 2023

Pages: 59-84

ISSN: - Find a Library: WorldCat | eISSN: - Find a Library: WorldCat


Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | 21st Century | African History: Rwandan History; Asian History: Chinese History, Japanese History | European History: Bosnian History | Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide; Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women" System; Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Asia-Pacific War; Society : Commemoration / Chinese "Comfort Women" History Museum, Kigali Genocide Memorial Museum, Museum of the Site of Lijixiang Comfort Stations, Oka Masaharu Memorial Nagasaki Peace Museum, Peace Osaka Museum; Women's Active Museum on War and Peace; Representations: Photography


- (Free Access)

- (Restricted Access)


Author: Ljiljana Radonić, Institut für Kulturwissenschaften und Theatergeschichte (Institute of Culure Studies and Theatre History), Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Austrian Academy of Sciences) - Wikipedia

Abstract: »This article examines if and how memorial museums exhibit graphic atrocity photographs, including pictures of executions and decomposing corpses, images taken by perpetrators that humiliate the victims or depict the persecuted in a stereotypical, antisemitic, or racist way, and voyeuristic photographs showing (almost) naked people being persecuted before their execution. The contribution sets out with a brief introduction to the general history of the approach taken towards photographic material since 1945, before describing the transformation of its use in memorial museums - first in the much-discussed Western Holocaust and World War II context, but then also for the Asian-Pacific World War II theatre in China and Japan and with regard to the museumization of the more recent 1990s genocides in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda. Finally, I categorize exhibited images taken by perpetrators, liberators, victims (turning into survivors) etc. Whether or not museums decide to display such representations of violence, they pay a price and thus need to counterbalance their decision by well-reflected methods.« (Source: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften)

  Abstract (p. 59)
  Transforming approaches to photographs in media, scholarship, and courts since 1945 (p. 62)
  Displaying photographs in museums (p. 66)
  Travelling trends in displaying violence? (p. 72)
  Categories of photographs displayed in memorial museums (p. 79)
  Conclusion (p. 83)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Rwanda | History of Asia: History of Japan / Shōwa era | History of Asia: History of China / History of the Republic of China | Genocide: Rwandan Genocide / Rape during the Rwandan Genocide | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Sex and the law: Genocidal rape | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence / Wartime sexual violence in World War II | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes