Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


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First published: May 1, 2024 - Last updated: May 1, 2024


Authors: Andrea Pető and Fanni Svégel

Title: Nationalism, Pronatalism, and the Guild of Gynecology

Subtitle: The Complex Legacy of Abortion Regulation in Hungary

Journal: Central European History

Volume: (Published online before print)


Year: 2024 (Published online: April 2, 2024)

Pages: 18 pages (PDF)

pISSN: 0008-9389 - Find a Library: WorldCat | eISSN: 1569-1616 - Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | European History: Hungarian History, Russian History | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence; First World War; Second World War; Victims: Physical Consequences / Abortion; Research: Disciplines / History of Medicine


- (Free Access)

- Cambridge Core (Free Access)

- ResearchGate (Free Access)


- Andrea Pető, Department of Gender Studies, Central European University -, ORICD, ResearchGate

- Fanni Svégel:, ORCID, ResearchGate

Abstract: »By tracing the history of abortion politics in Hungary since World War I, this article covers a century of conflict with particular attention to gynecologists’ self-serving professional jockeying and lobbying under very different political regimes. It suggests that nationalism has been a pivotal element of the abortion debates that both government actors and gynecologists have shaped over the last hundred years and argues that abortion rights were differently recognized in eastern and western Europe during the Cold War because of the legacy of mass wartime rapes committed by the Soviet troops in Hungary, among other countries, which determined those countries’ postwar legislation on abortion and reproductive rights. The article introduces the rarely researched contribution of the gynecologist lobby to the debates by examining how they could represent their own interests independently of political regime. Today, Hungary’s illiberal regime questions the legitimacy of abortion by normalizing US fundamentalist-Christian discourse because anti-abortion policy fits into its nation-building course.« (Source: Central European History)

  Abstract (p. 1)
  Feminist Historiographies of Reproductive Rights (p. 3)
  The Struggle for Legalizing Abortion and the Early Medical Establishment (1878–1928) (p. 5)
  The Interwar Decriminalization of Abortion (p. 6)
  Liberalizing and Strengthening Abortion Rights under Communism (p. 8)
  The Antiabortion Campaign of 1952 (p. 10)
  Deconstructing the Ratkó Myth (p. 11)
  The Making of a Modern Abortion Legislation (p. 13)
  Abortion Committees: How a Legal Decision Is Made (p. 14)
  Negotiating Reproductive Rights after 1989 (p. 16)
  Lessons Learned from Complex Legacies of Abortion Regulations (p. 17)
  Competing interests (p. 18)
  Abortion Committees: How a Legal Decision Is Made (p. 14)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Hungary / Modern history of Hungary | History of Europe: History of Russia / History of Russian Empire, History of the Soviet Union (1927–1953) | Academic discipline: Medicine / Gynaecology | Pregnancy: Abortion / Abortion in Hungary | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence / Wartime sexual violence in World War II | War: World War I / War: World War II / Soviet war crimes