Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

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First published: October 1, 2023 - Last updated: October 1, 2023


Author: Olivia Milburn

Title: Rape in early China

Subtitle: Two case studies

Journal: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies

Volume: (Published online before print)


Year: September 6, 2023


pISSN: 0041-977X - Find a Library: WorldCat | eISSN: 1474-0699 - Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Ancient History: Chinese History | Cases: Real Offenders / Ai of Cai, Helü of Wu, Wu Zixu; Cases: Real Victims / Bo Ying, Xi Gui; Types: Rape / Attempted Rape; Gang Rape; Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Conflicts during the Chinese Spring and Autumn Period; Offenders: Kinship / Brothers-in-Law; Offenders: Social Status / Noblemen; Victims: Social Status / Noblewomen


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Author: Olivia Milburn, School of Chinese, University of Hong Kong -, ORICD, Wikipedia

Abstract: »With the exception of legal texts, surviving records of rape in early China have been the subject of little academic study to date. This is the result of a number of factors, including the criminalization of both consensual and non-consensual sex outside of marriage in ancient China, the tradition of using euphemistic vocabulary to refer to such topics, considerable variation, depending on time and place, as to what constitutes rape and discomfort that some very famous men are said to have committed crimes of rape and sexual violence. This article examines two famous and welldocumented incidents - one concerning the rape of a woman in peacetime, the other an instance of mass gang rape during war - to explore the specific challenges of studying sexual violence in ancient civilizations. Ignoring early accounts of rape serves to significantly distort our understanding of some key events in Chinese history and perverts the textual record.« (Source: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies)

  Abstract (p. 1)
  Introduction (p. 1)
  Case study 1: Lady Xi Gui and the vocabulary of rape (p. 3)
  Case study 2: the women of Ying (p. 6)
  Conclusion (p. 12)
  References (p. 13)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of China / Spring and Autumn period | Sex and the law: Rape / Rape in China, Bo Ying, Helü of Wu, Marquis Ai of Cai, Wu Zixu