Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


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First published: November 1, 2023 - Last updated: November 1, 2023


Author: Elisa Cabrera García

Title: Militancia feminista, fenómenos culturales y violencia de género en México

Subtitle: Una historia visual (1970-2002)

Translation: Feminist Militancy, Cultural Phenomena and Gender Violence in Mexico: A Visual History (1970-2002)

Thesis: Tesis doctoral, Universidad de Granada

Advisors: Esperanza Guillén Marcos and Azucena González Blanco

Year: 2023

Pages: 363pp.

Language: Spanish

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | American History: Mexican History | Types: Rape; Society: Movements / Women's Movement; Representations: Art / Lorena Wolffer


Link: DIGIBUG: Digital Repostitory of the Universidad de Granada (Free Access)


Author: Google Académico

Abstract: »The purpose of this this Ph.D. dissertation is to present research on the feminist movement in Mexico during the seventies, eighties, and nineties. It will focus on the close links between different types of gender violence and political aesthetic strategies from the visual arts field since the emergence of the first neo-feminist groups. The main hypothesis of this research project is that feminist activism and its visual culture production impacted not only the political movements but also the development of the history of art in Mexico. The progressive conceptualisation of feminist art opened new creative pathways that impacted many other artistic productions during the neo-avant-garde period of the eighties and nineties. However, the evolution of feminist art in Mexico cannot be considered progressive or lineal and, during the nineties, the impact of these new perspectives shifted considerably. Despite some considerable exceptions over that period, pioneering artists from the seventies and eighties laid the foundations for the indissoluble links between cultural production and condemnation of gender and sexual violence in Mexico. In order to show this, we will look into the context of the significant social, economic, political, and cultural changes that took place during these three decades, taking as a reference the viewpoint of some of the visual producers who were protagonists in the production of singular aesthetic-political strategies.
The first part, "'Is this the prelude to a revolution?': Mexican Neofeminism and Aesthetic Strategies (1970-1979)," will present the formation of the first neofeminist groups. This will include their main struggles including the right to elective maternity and free abortion, the fight against sexual violence, and the denouncement of unpaid domestic work (or double workday). Also in this chapter, we will pay special attention to the tensions that arose with other traditional activist spaces, such as political parties and unions (of which some of the feminists were a part). From the perspective of the photographic camera of Ana Victoria Jiménez, we will focus on the main feminist manifestations of the decade and the aesthetic strategies they deployed, as well as the editorial and cinematographic practices of dissemination of their political approaches.
The second part, "The recipe: Feminist Art and new conceptual media (1978-1987)", presents the process by which the proposal of feminist art developed in Mexico and how it slowly began to infiltrate the country's cultural institutions. The relationship between the development of conceptual art and feminist art will be shown, especially through the artistic proposals of Mónica Mayer as its main exponent. With this, Monica Mayer together with Maris Bustamante in their feminist art project Polvo de Gallina Negra managed to denaturalize forms of violence internalized by Mexican society related to maternity, labor, and cultural spaces. We will also see how the artists turn to the struggle against rape and sexual violence through public art proposals with an innovative sociological methodology that will have a strong impact on feminist artists of the next generation.
Finally, in the third part "The NAFTA Era: Cultural Field and Feminisms in Mexico during the Democratic Transition (1987-2002)", we attend to the birth of new gender conflicts that began to intersect with other class struggles and popular collectives. During this period, the economic crisis and the subsequent neoliberal economic deployment triggered by the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement led to an extraordinary expansion of the feminist struggle, but not without the appearance of ideological conflicts within the movement during the latter. We will also focus on the policies of cultural domination deployed by Salinas de Gortari's government and the impact that the creation of new institutions and new financing systems for national creators had on the cultural field. In this context, we will pay attention to the historiographic debate on the alleged "depoliticization" and "individualization" of artists during the nineties. Finally, we will analyze the figure and early work of cultural activist Lorena Wolffer as a pivotal figure between the previous generation of feminist artists and the full inclusion of feminist artistic proposals on gender violence in Mexican cultural institutions from 2010 - 2019.« (Source: Thesis)

  Agradecimientos (p. 6)
  Resumen (p. 9)
  Abstract (p. 12)
  Introducción (p. 13)
    Planteamiento del problema (p. 15)
    Conceptos operatantes (p. 17)
    Discuión historiográfica (p. 21)
    Propuesta metodológica (p. 29)
    Estructura y periodización (p. 31)
"Y yo volvía a ser una tía": ¿Qué se llevó el Movimiento Feminista mexicano del 68? (p. 35)
  Capítulo I. "¿Es esto el preludio de una revolución?": Neofeminismos mexicano y estrategias estéticas (1970-1979) (p. 51)
    "La mujer chingada contra la madre abnegada": Empezar a mostrar violencias (p. 57)
    Afinidades y desencuentros: Las prácticas políticas del MNM, el MLM y La Revuelta (p. 74)
      Movimiento Nacional de Mujeres A.C. (p. 74)
      Feminismo anticapitalista: el Movimiento de Liberación de la Mujer (p. 81)
      La Revuelta (p. 90)
      Artes Visuales No. 9 (p. 93)
    Hacia un mínimo común múltiplo: la coalición y el frente (p. 97)
      Rompiendo el silencio (p. 100)
      Arte acción en Miss Universe (p. 109)
      Abortadora en potencia": Del mito de la madre a la maternidad voluntaria (p. 115)
    Conclusiones: The International Dinner Party (p. 123)
  Capítulo II. La receta: Arte feminita y nuevos mediso conceptuales (1978-1987) (p. 128)
    La illegada de lo conceptual: arte no-objetual y trabajo en Grupo (p. 132)
      El No-Grupo (p. 141)
    Mapa Mental: "Planteamientos políticospero también artísticos" (p. 157)
      Tracucciones de ida y vuelta (p. 161)
      El Tendedero (1979-act.): Un archivo vivo sobre violencia de género (p. 165)
      Tlacuilas y retrateras: las "letradas visuales" y La fiesta de XV años (p. 175)
    "Mal de ojo a los violadores: acciones feministas contra la violación en los 80 (p. 184)
      Mal de ojo a los violadores (p. 186)
      EL CAMVAC y su estragia publicitaria (p. 193)
    Conclusiones: !MADRES! (p. 197)
  Capítulo III. La era NAFTA: Campo culural y feminismos en México durante la transición democrática (1987-2002) (p. 200)
    La transición del movimento feminista mexicano: la querella entre 'históricas' y 'populáricas' (p. 204)
      Feminismo popular (p. 217)
      El IV Encuentro Feminista Lationamericano y del Caribe en Taxco; Una nueva formulación de los feminismosen México (p. 225)
      Coda, 1988 (p. 23)
    Capitales transnacionales y políticas culturales en el sexenio de salinas de gortari (p. 242)
      Manhattan Will Be More Exotic this Fall!(p. 244)
      Los Grupos versus los individuos: la apertura a los mercados artísticos internacionales y la !nueva subjetividad" del artista de los 90 (p. 255)
      Coda: ¿Arte feminista en los 90? (p. 274)
    Lorena Wolffer: con el cuerpo por delante (p. 281)
      Relaciones ecoomicas internacionales: Mexican Territory (1997) y If she is Mexico, who beta her up (1997-1999) (p. 285)
      Subjetividad de als mujeres a través del comnsumo: Soy totalmente de hierro (2000) (p. 289)
      "Mientras dormíamos": Nuevo mercado laboral y crisis humanitaria de género (2002) (p. 294)
      Coda: Arte público / arte militante (p. 307)
    Conclusiones: úteros peligrosos (p. 310)
  Epílogo.De archivos y redes (p. 314)
  Referencias (p. 325)
    Archivos consultados (p. 325)
    Bibliografía (p. 325)
    Hemerografía (p. 350)
    Testimonios orales (p. 353)
    Diccionario de acrónimos (p. 353)
    Diarios y revistas (p. 354)
    Filmografía, documentales y yídeos (p. 355)
    Índice de imágenes (p. 356)

Wikipedia: History of the Americas: History of Mexico | Social movement: Feminist movement | Art: Lorena Wolffer | Sex and the law: Rape / Rape in Mexico