Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


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Start: Topical Index: Types: Rape: Genocidal Rape: 20th Century:

Types: Genocidal Rape:

I n f o r m a t i o n

»The Gukurahundi was a genocide in Zimbabwe which arose in 1982 until the Unity Accord in 1987. It derives from a Shona-language term which loosely translates to "the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains". ... In early 1983, the North Korean-trained Fifth Brigade, an infantry brigade of the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA), began a crackdown on dissidents in the Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South, and Midlands provinces, home of the Ndebele and Kalanga. Over the following two years, thousands of Ndebele and Kalanga were detained by government forces and either marched to re-education camps, tortured, raped and/or summarily executed. Although there are different estimates, the consensus of the International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) is that more than 20,000 people were killed. The IAGS has classified the massacres as a genocide.« -- More information: Wikipedia

B i b l i o g r a p h y

I. Author Index

[Info] Cameron, Hazel. »The Matabeleland Massacres: Britain's wilful blindness.« The International History Review 40 (2018): 1-19.

[Info] Cameron, Hazel. »State-Organized Starvation: A Weapon of Extreme Mass Violence in Matabeleland South, 1984.« Genocide Studies International 12 (2018): 26-47.

[Info] Cameron, Hazel. »Operation Gukurahundi: A Policy of Genocidal Rape and Sexual Violence in Zimbabwe 1983-1984.« State Crime Journal 12 (2023): 1-31.

II. Speaker Index