Sexual Violence in History: A Bibliography

compiled by Stefan Blaschke


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Start: Topical Index: Cases: Mythological Cases:

Cases: Mythological Cases:

G e n e r a l   I n f o r m a t i o n

»According to Roman tradition, Lucretia (died c. 510 BC), anglicized as Lucrece, was a noblewoman in ancient Rome, whose rape by Sextus Tarquinius (Tarquin) and subsequent suicide precipitated a rebellion that overthrew the Roman monarchy and led to the transition of Roman government from a kingdom to a republic. The incident kindled the flames of dissatisfaction over the tyrannical methods of Tarquin's father, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the last king of Rome. As a result, the prominent families instituted a republic, drove the extensive royal family of Tarquin from Rome, and successfully defended the republic against attempted Etruscan and Latin intervention.« -- More information: Wikipedia

Rape by Sextus Tarquinius

I n f o r m a t i o n

»Sextus Tarquinius was one of the sons of the last king of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. In the original account of the Tarquin dynasty presented by Fabius Pictor, he is the second son, between Titus and Arruns. However, according to Livy and Dionysius of Halicarnassus, he was either the third or first son, respectively. According to Roman tradition, his rape of Lucretia was the precipitating event in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the Roman Republic.« -- More information: Wikipedia

K e y w o r d s

Chronological Index: Ancient History: Etruscan History, Roman History | Topical Index: Types: General: Rape; Offenders: Social Status: Noblemen; Victims: Reactions: Suicide; Social Status: Noblewomen


B i b l i o g r a p h y

I. Author Index

[Info] Bullock, April. »Rape of Lucretia.« Encyclopedia of Rape. Edited by Merril D. Smith. Westport 2004: 193-194.

[Info] Kenty, Joanna. »Avenging Lucretia: From Rape to Revolution.« Eidolon (November 20, 2017).

[Info] Meulder, Marcel. »Le viol de Lucrère et l'Asvamedha.« Latomus 73 (2014): 9-31.

II. Speaker Index

[Info] Beard, Mary. »Lucretia and the Politics of Sexual Violence.« Gifford Lectures. Edinburgh 2019.

Representation in Art

I n f o r m a t i o n

»Since the Renaissance, the suicide of Lucretia has been an enduring subject for visual artists, including Titian, Rembrandt, Dürer, Raphael, Botticelli, Jörg Breu the Elder, Johannes Moreelse, Artemisia Gentileschi, Damià Campeny, Eduardo Rosales, Lucas Cranach the Elder, and others. Most commonly, either the moment of the rape is shown or Lucretia is shown alone at the moment of her suicide. In either situation, her clothing is loosened or absent, while Tarquin is normally clothed.« -- More information: Wikipedia

B i b l i o g r a p h y

Topical Index: Representations: Art: Hendrik Goltzius, Albrecht Dürer, Master of Marradi, Georg Pencz, Israhel van Meckenem, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Titian, Tintoretto

I. Author Index

[Info] Baines, Barbara J. »Effacing Rape in Early Modern Representation.« ELH 65 (1998): 69-98.

[Info] Baskins, Cristelle L. »Corporeal Authority in the Speaking Picture: The Representation of Lucretia in Tuscan Domestic Painting.« Gender Rhetorics: Postures of Dominance and Submission in History. Edited by Richard C. Trexler. Binghamton 1994: 187-206.

[Info] Buri, Maureen E. Crimes of Passion: Rape and Abduction in Flemish Mythological Painting, 1600-1650. M.A. Thesis, University of Cincinnatti, 2007.

[Info] Leibinger, Dorothea. »Im Glanze ihres Angesichts: Frauendarstellungen auf einem Kachelofen des späten 16. Jahrhunderts aus dem Bremer Stephaniviertel.« bonjour.Geschichte 5 (2017).

II. Speaker Index

[Info] Bergold, Louisa M.U. »The Popularity of Lucretia in Sixteenth-Century Germany.« 70th Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America. Chicago 2024.

[Info] Coughlin, Michael T. »The Performance of Masculinity in Titian's Tarquin and Lucretia56th Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America. Venice 2010.

Representation in Historiography

B i b l i o g r a p h y

Topical Index: Representations: Historiographical Texts: Livy

Representation in Literature

I n f o r m a t i o n

»Lucretia became an important embodiment of political and literary ideals for different authors throughout the ages, specifically because "stories of sexual violence against women serve as foundational myths of Western culture."« -- More information: Wikipedia

B i b l i o g r a p h y

Topical Index: Representations: Literary Texts: Thomas Heywood, Geoffrey Chaucer, Ovid, William Shakespeare

I. Author Index

[Info] Lucas, Georgina. »Rape, Massacre, The Lucrece Tradition, and Alarum for LondonEarly Theatre 20 (2017): 49-75.

II. Speaker Index

[Info] Hansard-Weiner, Sonja. »Raping Lucrece: Classical Texts, Christian Wars, Colonial Misadventures.« Sixteenth Century Studies Conference. St. Louis 1993.

[Info] Lauriola, Rosanna. »The Rape of Lucretia: A Revitalized Episode from Classical Antiquity.« 141st Annual Meeting of the American Philological Association. Anaheim 2010.

Representation in Musical Theatre

B i b l i o g r a p h y

Topical Index: Representations: Musical Theatre: Benjamin Britten

Representation in Religious Texts

B i b l i o g r a p h y

Topical Index: Representations: Religious Texts: Augustine of Hippo, Jerome, Tertullian